MORE ABOUT GUAM...

 

Guam Seal


Guam/Guhan: Where America's Day Begins.
Capital City: Agana/Hagta - On March 25, 1998, the legislature passed bill 522, officially changing the name of the capital city--Agana--to the Chamorro name---Hagta.

Location: 13.28 N, 144.47 E.

The island of Guam, called Guahan in the Chamorro language, is an unincorporated U.S. territory. It is the most southern of the Mariana Islands and is located in the western Pacific Ocean, about three fourths of the way between Hawaii and the Philippines.

Bird: Marianas Rose Crown Fruit Dove/Tottot/Ptilinopus roseicapilla.

Coastline: 125.5 km.
Constitution: Organic Act of August 1, 1950.
Flower: Bougainvillea spectabilis/Puti Tai Nobiu. Floral background on this page is bougainvillea blooms.

Guam's Flag Flag: Guam's flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters.

Geology: Volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south.


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Highest Point: Mt. Lamlam 1,334 feet (407 meters).
Inland water: Fena Lake.
Languages: Official: English and Chamorro/Chamoru.
Largest City: Dededo.
Lowest Point: The Mariana Trench - The deepest part of the ocean in the world.
Motto: "Where America's Day Begins".
Population: 160,595 (July 1997 est.)

Song: Guam Hymn/Fanohge Chamoru.
words by: Dr. Ramon Sablan.
Chamorro translation by: Lagrimas Untalan.

Tree: Ifil/Ifit/Intsia bijuga.

Guam: - (territory of the US).


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Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation.

Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south.


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Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan).
Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August).

Nationality: noun: Guamanian(s) adjective: Guamanian.

Ethnic groups: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%.
Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese.

Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Guam.
conventional short form: Guam.
Data code: GU.


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Dependency status: organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior.
National capital: Agana.
Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US).
Independence: none (territory of the US).
National holiday: Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March) (1521);
Liberation Day, 21 July (1944).
Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950.
Legal system: modeled on US; federal laws apply.
US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections.


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Economy - overview: The economy depends mainly on US military spending and on revenue generated by the tourism industry. Over the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More than one million tourists visit Guam each year. Most food and industrial goods are imported, with about 75% from the US. Guam faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.

Currency: 1 United States dollar (US$) = 100 cents.


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Guam Hymn

Written by Dr. Ramon Sablan

Stand ye Guamanians, for your country
And sing her praise from shore to shore

For her honor, for her glory
Exalt our Island forever more

For her honor, for her glory
Exalt our Island forever more

May everlasting peace reign o'er us
May heaven's blessings to us come

Against all perils, do not forsake us
God protect our Isle of Guam

Against all perils, do not forsake us
God protect our Isle of Guam


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Fanohge Chamoru

Translated By: Lagrimas Untalan

Fanohge Chamorro put I tano'-ta
Kanta I matuna-na gi todu I lugat

Para I onra, para I gloria
Abiba I Isla sinparat

Para I onra, para I gloria
Abiba I Isla sinparat

Todu I tiempo I pas para hita
Yan ginen I langet na bendison

Kontra I piligro na' fansafo' ham
Yu'os prutehi I Islan Guam

Kontra I piligro na' fansafo' ham
Yu'os prutehi I Islan Guam



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